European firms skirt vaccine mandates as U.S. pushes ahead

By Irina Anghel and Tom Metcalf

01 Dec 2021 · 3 min read

U.S. companies, from United Airlines to Citigroup, are requiring employees to get vaccinated or risk losing their jobs. The situation looks very different in Europe, even as Covid-19 cases surge anew and governments take an increasingly tough line.

With rules around privacy making corporate "no jab, no job" mandates challenging, many European businesses are using subtler measures to convince workers to get immunized against the coronavirus.

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