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A year after Putin's invasion: How might the violence in Ukraine come to an end?

By Matthias Gebauer, Ann-Dorit Boy and René Pfister

10 Feb 2023 · 13 min read

Editor's Note

With the first anniversary of Putin's invasion approaching, Russia seems further from victory than ever. But can Ukraine win the war militarily? Der Spiegel examines three possible outcomes.

Starting a war is simple. Ending it, though, is quite a bit more difficult. At the beginning of almost every military conflagration is the illusion that one’s opponent will be relatively easy to defeat.

When German troops headed off to the front in August 1941, they scrawled "Vacation to Paris" on their train cars. Hitler’s "blitzkrieg" ended up lasting six years.

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