Financial TimesFinancial Times

How the ‘Windsor Framework’ changes Northern Ireland’s trading arrangements

By Jim Pickard, Peter Foster, Andy Bounds

27 Feb 2023 · 4 min read

Editor's Note

The Windsor Framework hopes to get rid of the trade uncertainties brought on by Brexit. Financial Times looks at how the framework changes processes on trade, state subsidies and value added tax.

After months of secret negotiations the UK and the EU on Monday published the text of their new deal to refine post-Brexit arrangements for Northern Ireland.

Totalling more than 100 pages, the deal — called the Windsor Framework — sets out ways to smooth the working of the so-called Northern Ireland Protocol, which has soured EU-UK relations and destabilised the politics of the region.

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